It might be hard for the young gaming generation to believe that there was once an age without gaming consoles. The first consoles came in early 1970s, and gained popularity only till the mid 70s.
Consoles originated from an idea of the government, when they wanted a sort of a device that would develop the reflexes of the military personnel. In 1966, Ralph Baer, stated this demand, and brought about a concept of a “television gaming apparatus”. This device included a chase game as well as a video tennis game that could be attached to a television set.
The first console to gain popularity was an electronic arcade game called PONG, which was inspired by Baer’s original video tennis game. Nolan Bushnell and his Atari company were the ones to launch this electronic gaming revolution. From 1972-1976, you could not just go to a pub without a finding a queue at the PONG machine.
Amongst the first of Atari’s competitors in gaming consoles market was Bally. They launched the Bally Professional Arcade in 1977, even though it offered better graphics to the gamers, it sold at a much higher price therefore failed to catch the interest of too many buyers.
From 1982-84, the gaming consoles market saw a huge dip in its sales, this decline was because of too many poor quality game cartridges from too many manufacturers. While third party game developers went out of business, the well established companies were losing money due to their building inventory. Only Coleco’s release of Colevision was the significant event of this period.
After the crash of 1982-84, the home video gaming consoles had a so to say rebirth owing to the new generation of gaming units. These new generation gaming units had two major technological innovations. One was the lower costing memory chips and the other was high power 8 bit microprocessors. These innovations allowed home gaming consoles to compete with those arcade machines. In1989, the first programmable handheld game system, Game Boy was launched.
After this the home gaming consoles featured 16-bit microprocessors, more detailed graphics and more games. Nintendo and Sega were the dominant players in the market. Atari made an attempt to reenter the Gaming Consoles market, but then dropped out of this industry, after its merger with JTS, a manufacturer of computer hard drives.
In the next generation of consoles, Sony launched its console, namely the PlayStation. It was priced at $299, which was $100 lesser than its competitor Sega Saturn.
Currently the the different types of platform are seeing technology which at its start was beyond imagination. The graphics, performance and the imaginative games see know no boundaries. Sony and Nintendo rule the gaming console market with their innovative features and models.